ADHD is an acronym for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. A brain disorder causes this impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity. For people with ADHD, the three characteristics occur often, are severe and lower the quality of how they operate socially, in school and work.
Researchers are not sure what causes ADHD but alcohol and drug abuse during pregnancy, environmental toxins in pregnancy such as lead, birth weight, brain injuries, genes and smoking cigarette are known to contribute.
ADHD is found in more males than females. ADHD females also have inattention issues. ADHD adults also have learning disabilities, problems with abuse of substances, depression and anxiety disorder.
Those who have symptoms of inattention tend to make careless mistakes in schoolwork, work and they miss details in other activities and this are the clues to ADHD. They experience difficulty sustaining attention in tasks, conversations, and reading.People who have hyperactivity and impulsivity may fidget and squirm, run or dash, often feel restless, unable to be quiet and are constantly moving. In social settings they talk nonstop, finish other people’s sentences, speak when it is not their turn in the conversation.
ADHD goes from childhood, adolescence and then goes on to adulthood.Symptoms of ADHD are emotional and also disciplinary problems. Quiet and behaved children may not be suspected to have ADHD. Time and age affect ADHD symptoms. Psychologist, pediatrician, or psychiatrist who has experience with ADHD are the right people to diagnose ADHD. The symptoms should be long-lasting and interfere with the functioning of people for one to be said to have ADHD.There is reduced hyperactivity and less impulsivity after medication. Medication contributes to ability to focus, physical coordination to work, and to learn.Medicine for the treatment of ADHD is known as a stimulant. It increases brain chemicals such as norepinephrine and dopamine, which help in attention and thinking.
Another option is for non-stimulants.
A stimulant and a non-stimulant go well together.Antidepressants may be used to treat the symptoms of ADHD.
With ADHD, psychotherapy can also be used.
Patients and their families cope easily after psychotherapy.Behavioral therapy is one of the psychotherapy methods of treatment that helps change behavior. Cognitive behavioral therapy teaches a person meditation along with mindfulness techniques. Adult who go through the therapy learn how to accept their thoughts and feelings. Concentration and focus are greatly improved after learning the techniques. People with ADHD adapt to life changes that is thinking before acting and families and friends notice positive changes.
They are also encouraged to resist taking unnecessary risks. Parents, family and teachers can give feedback for their behaviors. It is important that rules for chores and routines that help one control their behavior are put in place.