The Butterfly Koi and How to Care for It
Butterfly koi are colorful ornamental fish with patterned scales and long, flowing fins. They’re actually hybrids of the typical koi fish and carp, although they are often mistaken for goldfish.
Because of their length (up to 36 inches), they require big ponds.The environment dictates the type of outdoor pond required by butterfly koi. They normally thrive in temperatures between 32 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit. Big Japanese koi usually live in mud ponds, but it is not advisable to drill a hole outside and fill it with water (to make a simple pond), because the soil and planktonic algae will only end up pollute it.
Filler systems are not enough, so mud ponds have to include a drainage system to get rid of impurities. To maintain the pond, the pond should be regularly and completely drained and cleaned. A lot of space is needed by butterfly koi so they can swim and spread their fins freely. Ponds have to be clean and filtered, and liners help them stay this way.
In-ground ponds may have liners preventing the soil from getting into the water. The evenness or shape of the surface dictates whether liners should be rigid or flexible. Liners are usually made polyurethane-wrapped prefab fiberglass or steel meshed concrete.
Butterfly koi also thrive in level above-ground ponds. Usually made of concrete, fiberglass, wood or plastic, prefabricated ornament ponds may be placed on backyard decks or cement surfaces.
Plastic or wood may be used to make smaller kits. Wherever you choose to put your pond, ensure that the surface can support the container with water (one gallon weighs 8 pounds).
Maintaining a Pond
Too much aquatic vegetation or other fish can be stressful for butterfly koi, so make sure your ponds are always clean and well-aerated. These kois need a constant pH balance of 6.8 to 7.2. A well-balanced pond prevents algae growth, especially when there are aquatic plants.
The pond’s ecological balance can be restored by adding organic materials such as salts and barley straw, which can get rid of excess nitrates and phosphates in the water. The filters must also be cleaned bimonthly, and water temperature should be monitored so that consistency can be maintained through the entire process. Installing a waterfall or fountain is a good way to keep water circulating and aerated. Water temperature must be maintained between 65 and 75 F, though 32 to 95 degrees is okay as long as fluctuations aren’t drastic.
Caring for Butterfly Koi
First and foremost, pond water needs to be well-aerated. To keep water circulating, the pump also needs to be kept clean. Lastly, as plants suck draw oxygen, vegetation must be reduced to rejuvenate the water.